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Thune, Stabenow, Capito, Baldwin, Moran, Cardin Seek Feedback on 340B Drug Discount Program

Senators’ bipartisan 340B working group seeks input on policies to provide stability and appropriate oversight of the 340B program

June 16, 2023

WASHINGTON — U.S. Sens. John Thune (R-S.D.), Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.), Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.), Jerry Moran (R-Kan.), and Ben Cardin (D-Md.), all members of the Senate 340B bipartisan working group, today sent a letter to stakeholders seeking feedback on ways to improve the 340B program. Specifically, the senators are seeking input on bipartisan policy solutions that would provide stability and appropriate transparency to ensure the 340B program can continue to achieve its original intent of supporting entities serving eligible patients.

“The 340B program has been critical to South Dakota hospitals, health centers, and safety-net providers,” said Thune. “I continue to hear concerns from many of the health care providers in South Dakota about uncertainty in the program. It is critical that the 340B program continues to serve its original purpose of supporting health care providers as they serve the needs of South Dakota patients and communities.”

“The 340B program helps safety-net providers care for patients by reducing pharmaceutical costs,” said Stabenow. “Receiving input from stakeholders will help ensure that this program continues to be effective.”

“The 340B program plays a critical role in ensuring West Virginians receive the health care services they need to live healthier lives,” said Capito. “The information we receive from the program’s stakeholders will help us better understand what is necessary to ensure the program has the stability and oversight to continue serving West Virginians.”

“I continue to be concerned by the rising cost of prescription drugs that undermine this essential program, which helps deliver affordable medications to underserved communities,” said Baldwin. “I am proud to work with my Democratic and Republican colleagues to find solutions to increase transparency and accountability so that the 340B program can work as intended and provide relief for Americans who are struggling.”

“The 340B Drug Pricing Program is not working as effectively as it should,” said Moran. “The confusion around its contract pharmacy provision and lack of transparency and congressional oversight is failing the patients the program exists to help. In considering improvements to 340B, my colleagues and I look forward to reviewing the stakeholder responses to our Request for Information and using these proposals as a starting point for productive conversations.”

“Since its founding, the 340B program has played a key role in supporting the health care safety net,” said Cardin. “I am committed to ensuring the integrity of the program to ensure our most vulnerable communities have access to affordable, high-quality health care.”

The 340B program was created by Congress in 1992 through the Veteran’s Health Care Act. The program requires that drug manufacturers who participate in Medicaid provide certain non-profit health care providers, hospitals, and clinics (covered entities) a discount on outpatient drugs. The 340B program enables covered entities to use these savings to provide more comprehensive services to eligible patients and their communities.

Full letter below:

To 340B Stakeholders,


Congress created the 340B Drug Discount Program (340B) in 1992 to “stretch scarce Federal resources as far as possible, reaching more eligible patients and providing more comprehensive services.” The 340B program requires that drug manufacturers who participate in Medicaid provide certain non-profit health care providers, hospitals and clinics (covered entities) a discount on outpatient drugs. Since it was created, the program has enjoyed strong bipartisan support in Congress. While the program does not utilize federal taxpayer dollars, federal oversight is necessary to ensure the program functions as intended. We have heard concerns from some stakeholders about ambiguity in the 340B program and the need to strengthen oversight and accountability in the program. We are seeking information from stakeholders on bipartisan policy solutions that would ensure the program has stability and oversight to continue to achieve its original intention of serving eligible patients. 


As the health care delivery system has evolved, so too has the 340B program evolved to enable health care providers to offer improved services and care in the communities they serve. More than a decade ago, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), which administers the 340B program, issued guidance allowing covered entities to dispense drugs through contract pharmacies in the 340B program since many covered entities do not have pharmacies in-house. However, the current 340B statute is silent on the issue, resulting in ambiguity in the treatment of drugs dispensed through contract pharmacies.


In recent years, a number of drug manufacturers have declined to offer 340B discounts on their covered outpatient drugs dispensed at contract pharmacies. We have heard directly from health care providers in our states about the disruption and negative impact these actions have had on hospitals and health centers who serve our constituents. The manufacturers’ decisions have resulted in ongoing litigation and enforcement actions. We do not seek to take a position with respect to specific legal questions in ongoing litigation. Instead, we seek to provide 340B hospitals, health centers, and other essential safety-net providers with certainty regarding the allowable use of contract pharmacies. For this reason, we request information from stakeholders regarding potential bipartisan policy solutions to provide certainty and commonsense improvements to the operation and oversight of contract pharmacies in the 340B program.

We also acknowledge that as the 340B program has evolved over the last 30 years, stakeholders have raised concerns about the need to strengthen program integrity measures in the program to ensure that 340B is serving eligible patients as originally intended. We request information from stakeholders on ways to improve accountability of covered entities in the program and ensure there is appropriate transparency. While duplicate discounts are prohibited by the 340B statute, we understand there is frustration by both covered entities and manufacturers that duplicate discounts continue to occur in the 340B program. We request information from stakeholders on proposals to ensure adequate claims information exists to prevent these duplicate discounts from occurring.

Our goal is to ensure the 340B program has improved integrity and stability, and that it continues to enable eligible health care providers to stretch federal resources to better provide healthcare for the patients they serve. We encourage stakeholders to provide information that will help Congress further the original intent of the program, strengthening the program’s ability to support entities serving eligible patients.


We request interested stakeholders submit written responses to this bipartisan request for information no later than July 28, 2023. Responses may be submitted to Our intent is to keep these responses internal and they will not be posted publicly. 


1.  What specific policies should be considered to ensure HRSA can oversee the 340B program with adequate resources? What policies should be considered to ensure HRSA has the appropriate authority to enforce the statutory requirements and regulations of the 340B program?


2.  What specific policies should be considered to establish consistency and certainty in contract pharmacy arrangements for covered entities?


3.  What specific policies should be considered to ensure that the benefits of the 340B program accrue to covered entities for the benefit of patients they serve, not other parties?


4. What specific policies should be considered to ensure that accurate and appropriate claims information is available to ensure duplicate discounts do not occur? 


5.  What specific policies should be considered to implement common sense, targeted program integrity measures that will improve the accountability of the 340B program and give health care stakeholders greater confidence in its oversight?


6.  What specific policies should be considered to ensure transparency to show how 340B health care providers’ savings are used to support services that benefit patients’ health?